DECCANI HINDI GAVE BIRTH TO URDU

The poet Wali Deccani (1667–1707) visited Delhi in 1700. He is termed “Bava Adam” founding father of Urdu poetry by Maulana

Muhammad Husain Azad wrote in the monumental Aab-e-Hayat (Water of Life). His visit is considered to be of great significance

for Urdu Gazals. His simple and melodious poems in Hindustani, stunned the Persian loving nobles of Delhi and made them aware

of the beauty and capability of “Rekhta” or “Hindawi” an old name for Hindustani as a medium of poetic expression. His visit

thus stimulated the development of Urdu Gazal in the imperial city of Old Delhi.

Hindustani soon gained distinction as the preferred language in courts of South Asia and eventually replaced Persian among

the nobles. To this day retains an important place in literary and cultural spheres. Many distinctly Persian forms of

literature, such as ghazals and nazms, came to both influence and be affected by South Asian culture, producing a distinct

melding of Middle Eastern and South Asian heritages. A famous cross-over writer was Amir Khusro, whose Persian and Urdu

couplets are to this day read in the subcontinent. Persian has sometimes been termed an adopted classical language of the

South Asia alongside Sanskrit due to its role in South Asian tradition.

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HINDI PERSIAN FLAIR

Persian was crucial in the formation of a common language of the Central, North and Northwest regions of the South Asia.

Following the Mughal conquest of South Asia and the resulting vast Islamic empire, especially in the northern and central

regions of the South Asia, a hybrid language of Arabic, Pashto, Turkish, Persian, and local dialects began to form around the

16th and 17th centuries CE, one that would eventually be known as Urdu from a Turkish word meaning “army”, in allusion to the

army barracks of visiting troops.

Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built a new walled city of Shahjahanabad in Delhi in 1639. The market close to the royal fort Red

Fort came to be called Urdu Bazar and the language was eventually termed “Urdu”. It grew from the interaction often Persian-

speaking Muslim soldiers and native peoples. Soon, the Persian script and Nasta’liq form of cursive was adopted, with

additional figures added to accommodate the South Asian phonetic system, and a new language based on the South Asian grammar

with a vocabulary largely divided between Persian and indirectly some Arabic and local Prakrit dialects. Elements peculiar to

Persian, such as the enclitic ezāfe, and the use of the takhallus, were readily absorbed into Hindustani literature both

religious and secular. This language was developed by Kashmiri Pandits and now a days widely spoken in South Asia.

satavahana, congress, AICC, indianbanknotes, sonia gandhi, musham damodhar rao, HINDI STAMP, statue of hindi diety, hindi language history, history of hindi, history of telugu, dravidian languages, rahul gndhi

satavahana, congress, AICC, indianbanknotes, sonia gandhi, musham damodhar rao, HINDI STAMP, statue of hindi diety, hindi language history, history of hindi, history of telugu, dravidian languages, rahul gndhi

HINDI MERI PYARI HINDI AFTER TELUGU

Hindustani, presently represented by the official languages of India Standard Hindi and Urdu, originated during the Mughal

Empire, when the Persian court language exerted a strong influence on the Indic dialects of central India, creating Rekhta

or “mixed” speech. It is this which came to be known as Hindustani, was elevated to a literary language, and is the basis for

modern standard Hindi and Urdu. Although these official languages are distinct registers  in their formal aspects, such as

modern technical vocabulary, they continue to be all but indistinguishable in their vernacular forms.

Most of the grammar and basic vocabulary of Hindustani descends directly from the medieval language of central India, known

as Sauraseni.

After the tenth century, several Sauraseni dialects were elevated to literary languages, or khari boli standing dialects,

including Braj Bhasha, Avadhi, and the Delhi dialect which currently goes by the name Khari Boli. During the reigns of the

Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire, which used Persian as their official language and had their capital in Delhi, the

Delhi dialect was used by the majority of the populace, including the army. It was thus infused with large numbers of

Persian, Arabic, and Turkic words from the court, primarily nouns, for cultural, legal, and political concepts.

The term Hindustani derives from Hindustan, the Persian name for India. It is thus the “Indian” language. The term Urdu, or

“camp language” cognate with the English word horde, was used to describe the common language of the Mughal army. The works

of the 13th century scholar Amir Khusro are typical of the Hindustani language of the time:

Sej vo sūnī dekh ke rovun main din rain,
Piyā piyā main karat hūn pahron, pal bhar sukh nā chain.

“Seeing the empty bed I cry night and day
“Calling for my beloved all day, not a moment’s happiness or rest.”

HINDI STAMP,INDIANBANKNOTES,statue of hindi diety,hindi language history,

HINDI STAMP,INDIANBANKNOTES,statue of hindi diety,hindi language history,

TODAY IS HINDI DAY WISH YOU ALL GREETINGS

HINDI STAMP,INDIANBANKNOTES,statue of hindi diety,hindi language history,

HINDI STAMP,INDIANBANKNOTES,statue of hindi diety,hindi language history,

TODAY IS HINDI DAY WISH YOU ALL GREETINGS;Hindi evolved from the Sauraseni Prakrit.Hindi originated as local dialects such as Braj, Awadhi, and finally Khari Boli after the turn of tenth century,During the reigns of the Delhi Sultanate and the Mughal Empire, which used Persian as their official language, Khari Boli adopted many Persian and Arabic words.
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Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

ROCK CANALS USED FOR IRRIGATION BY VIJAYANAGARA RULERS.

Water was used for irrigation from ancient times there were references about this all over the world. Even in USA during 300AD large scale irrigation was in use. In Indian subcontinent irrigation was well developed by Buddhist who built dams at many places and some are still intact unusable due to change of river path.

Amuktamalyada IV-V * give stress on tanks building for agriculture,King,Nobles,wealthy men, village assemblies should take interest in irrigation projects,under Dept of IRRIGATION , Sir Thomas Munro states that tanks,canals can be repaired at much less expense by individuals,local groups than by govt to keep them in better shape.

Now to

Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

there was a post by name JALASUTRA PANDITA Hydraulic Engineer was appointed whose name was Singayya Bhatta .

Artificial supply of water was done by unique way to maintain regular supply for irrigation to compensate rain. Water is pumped from natural lakes and wells conveying the water over the land through gravity flow, was mastered by Vijayangara engineers, elaborate, expensive canals system was constructed with rocks which was only one of its kind in the world. You can see the photo of such unique rock pipeline which run for several kilometers at a stretch,[photo no 1 see DVD please]

Bukka II took a great task of building a dam and 15 mile long aqueduct from dam over Tungabadra river. Even now it supply water to Bellary fields. Special emphasis should be given to the aqueduct of several miles cut out of solid rock at the base of the hills was the most  remarkable irrigational work undertaken by Vijayanagara rulers.

Portuguese horse trader and historian Fernao Nunis 1535AD writes that a dam was built by Bukkaraya II across Tungabhadra in Bellary district due to which the revenue increased by 35000 pagodas here. Stone channel cut from Vagai to lands near Kuruvitturai, tax free land given for maintenance and doing repairs.

Some details about Damodar rao,musham

MUSHAM DAMODHAR RAO  musham@gmail.com 91+09441816605

https://musham.wordpress.com

Speciality :- Calculated velocity of light from Nannaya Maha Bharata,

Father of the Youngest Stamp collector in the World

Prime minister Shri.Rajiv Gandhi released book on Astronomical Bhisma from Rgveda,

Banking History of India,China,Japan and Orient,

Islamic,Hindu,Jain,Buddhist,Vedic Ancient technical sciences,Geography,Numismatics,Epigraphy,Pyretics,Metallurgy,

Astronomy,Vaastu,Mathematics.History of Playing Cards from 300BC,

History of Congress,Ancient Women Army in South India,Ancient Maritime Trade,

Satavahanas,Kakatiyas,Iksvaku,Nagarjuna colonies in Orient,SETI usa project.

[See my biodata for more details]

I can read :- Brahmi,Grandhi style of Telugu,Kharosti,Classical Devanagari.
Kannada,Telugu,Hindi,English,Sanskrit,Russian,Japanese,Chinese,Korean,Spanish,

German,French etc…

Legislative Council Chairman A. Chakrapani with damodhar rao

Legislative Council Chairman A. Chakrapani with damodar rao,musham

Legislative Council Chairman A. Chakrapani with damodar rao,musham

Legislative Council Chairman A. Chakrapani with damodar rao,musham at Telugu University discussing about SriKrishnadevaraya Irrigation paper in

500 years Souvenir during that occassion

Bhishma in rgveda news at ancient indian astronomy conference

Bhishma in rgveda news at ancient indian astronomy conference

Bhishma in rgveda news at ancient indian astronomy conference

Published in: on June 29, 2010 at 10:04 am  Leave a Comment  
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ATRONOMICAL conference NEWS

Bhishma in rgveda news at ancient indian astronomy conference

Bhishma in rgveda news at ancient indian astronomy conference

Published in: on June 29, 2010 at 10:00 am  Leave a Comment  
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Part of delegation at vigyan bhawan

part of delegation at vigyan bhavan

part of delegation at vigyan bhavan

Published in: on June 29, 2010 at 9:54 am  Leave a Comment  
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