Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

ROCK CANALS USED FOR IRRIGATION BY VIJAYANAGARA RULERS.

Water was used for irrigation from ancient times there were references about this all over the world. Even in USA during 300AD large scale irrigation was in use. In Indian subcontinent irrigation was well developed by Buddhist who built dams at many places and some are still intact unusable due to change of river path.

Amuktamalyada IV-V * give stress on tanks building for agriculture,King,Nobles,wealthy men, village assemblies should take interest in irrigation projects,under Dept of IRRIGATION , Sir Thomas Munro states that tanks,canals can be repaired at much less expense by individuals,local groups than by govt to keep them in better shape.

Now to

Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

there was a post by name JALASUTRA PANDITA Hydraulic Engineer was appointed whose name was Singayya Bhatta .

Artificial supply of water was done by unique way to maintain regular supply for irrigation to compensate rain. Water is pumped from natural lakes and wells conveying the water over the land through gravity flow, was mastered by Vijayangara engineers, elaborate, expensive canals system was constructed with rocks which was only one of its kind in the world. You can see the photo of such unique rock pipeline which run for several kilometers at a stretch,[photo no 1 see DVD please]

Bukka II took a great task of building a dam and 15 mile long aqueduct from dam over Tungabadra river. Even now it supply water to Bellary fields. Special emphasis should be given to the aqueduct of several miles cut out of solid rock at the base of the hills was the most  remarkable irrigational work undertaken by Vijayanagara rulers.

Portuguese horse trader and historian Fernao Nunis 1535AD writes that a dam was built by Bukkaraya II across Tungabhadra in Bellary district due to which the revenue increased by 35000 pagodas here. Stone channel cut from Vagai to lands near Kuruvitturai, tax free land given for maintenance and doing repairs.

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Some details about Damodar rao,musham

MUSHAM DAMODHAR RAO  musham@gmail.com 91+09441816605

https://musham.wordpress.com

Speciality :- Calculated velocity of light from Nannaya Maha Bharata,

Father of the Youngest Stamp collector in the World

Prime minister Shri.Rajiv Gandhi released book on Astronomical Bhisma from Rgveda,

Banking History of India,China,Japan and Orient,

Islamic,Hindu,Jain,Buddhist,Vedic Ancient technical sciences,Geography,Numismatics,Epigraphy,Pyretics,Metallurgy,

Astronomy,Vaastu,Mathematics.History of Playing Cards from 300BC,

History of Congress,Ancient Women Army in South India,Ancient Maritime Trade,

Satavahanas,Kakatiyas,Iksvaku,Nagarjuna colonies in Orient,SETI usa project.

[See my biodata for more details]

I can read :- Brahmi,Grandhi style of Telugu,Kharosti,Classical Devanagari.
Kannada,Telugu,Hindi,English,Sanskrit,Russian,Japanese,Chinese,Korean,Spanish,

German,French etc…

GYPSY WORLD

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CENSUS WORK IN INDIA POSTCARDS

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Electricity from Rice Husk

Villages in Bihar have been lifted out of darkness with an uninterrupted, self sufficient power supply and the credit for this initiative goes to Gyanesh Pandey, the promoter of Husk Power Systems (HPS) that transforms piles of discarded rice husk to light up the villages. Partnering with his friends Ratnesh Yadav, Manoj Sinha, and Charles W Ransler, Pandey has established ‘green’ power plants in 120 villages across Bihar and 3 villages in Uttar Pradesh.

After research and experiments, the team decided that the most feasible way to provide power to the villagers who depended on agriculture would be to generate electricity from rice husk. Through this unique green technology, villages get uninterrupted power for up to 6-12 hours by setting up a plant, which burns rice husk to generate gas to run generators.

“Becoming an entrepreneur was an evolutionary process. I had a good life in America. I did not face any problems there, but I always had the feeling that I must do something for our villages. I do not feel as though I have made any sacrifice. Today, there is hardly anything I do other than work. It gives me the satisfaction no other job can ever give,” says Pandey who feels that India’s acute power crisis must be solved efficiently with renewable resources.

After resigning his job in the U.S., Pandey returned to his home state in 2007, as his idea was to provide power to villagers who depended on agriculture as their main occupation in a cost-effective and environmentally-friendly manner.

The company is set to make profits by the end of this year and plans to light up villages in other states like Maharastra, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. Providing electricity to villages across India is just the beginning of Pandey’s ambitious plan to transform rural India. The company has already taken up the initiative to educate 200 children from Tumkuha. @s1c

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Diana in Famous WHITE DRESS

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VERY OLD COVERS FROM BRITISH PERIOD

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Satan Cards say SAINTS 1423AD

As we Indians think the devil’s dwelling is towards the western part of the world, the Europeans think that anything remote and mysterious is devilish and Asiatic. In this background Saint Bernard in 1423 A.D said in a sermon that a devil has invented the playing cards Satan was nothing but “Satan” of India. Its origin can be traced back to Chinese or Indian playing tablets or discs which have a resemblance of ganjifa cards based on Hindu mythological stories, the well-known chess game has also had its part in the development of skilled moves of playing cards.

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Cruise in exotic Bermuda traingle waters

BERMUDA offers miles of pink beaches, turquoise seas, and stunning
blue skies above emerald golf courses? If you guessed Bermuda,
you'd be right. No other place on earth combines sun, sand, and
surf into a paradise quite like this island nation in the
Atlantic.

Only in the last few years have Bermuda ports been opened to
larger cruise ships. In an effort to keep crowds to a minimum and
the islands as pristine as possible, the government of Bermuda
placed heavy regulations on cruise lines wanting to visit their
corner of heaven. Now, though, Bermuda has opened her arms and is
welcoming travelers wishing to experience the beauty and luxury
of life among the palms. If you're searching for somewhere new to
cruise, Bermuda might just be for you.

Bermuda's history as a British colony shows in her quiet
sophistication and charm. Unlike other island getaways,
Bermudians prefer to keep the bikinis on the beach, so you won't
find any swimsuits in town. What you will find is elegant dining,
boutique shops, and a rich past that is evident in the unique
architecture of the area. Spend the day wandering the winding
alleyways of St. George's on a self-guided tour, and cap it off
with a quiet dinner for two in a stylish bistro.

For sun and sand lovers, Bermuda's miles of immaculate beaches
provide plenty of space to spread out a towel and while away the
hours. You'll have nothing more pressing to do than keep your tan
lines intact and watch the sun make its way across a cloudless
sky. The coral reefs that form the foundation of this island
chain offer protection for many of the beaches, making them ideal
for swimming. Snorkelers will love to explore the underwater
majesty of the reefs, where bright fishes and graceful stingrays
dance in the clear blue water.

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World First Democracy YODHEYA GANAM

Early democratic institutions in India comes from the independent "republics"

, sanghas  and ganas, which existed as early as the sixth century BCE and persisted in some areas until the fourth century CE. The evidence is scattered and no pure historical source exists for that period. In addition, Diodorus a Greek historian writing two centuries after the time of Alexander the Great's invasion of India, without offering any detail, mentions that independent and democratic states existed in India.However, modern scholars note that the word democracy at the third century BC and later had been degraded and could mean any autonomous state no matter how oligarchic it was.

The main characteristics of the gana seem to be a monarch, usually called raja and a deliberative assembly. The assembly met regularly in which at least in some states attendance was open to all free men, and discussed all major state decisions. It had also full financial, administrative, and judicial authority. Other officers, who are rarely mentioned, obeyed the decisions of the assembly. The monarch was elected by the gana and apparently he always belonged to a family of the noble K'satriya Varna. The monarch coordinated his activities with the assembly and in some states along with a council of other nobles.The Licchavis had a primary governing body of 7,077 rajas, the heads of the most important familes. On the other hand, the Shakyas, the Gautama Buddha's people, had the assembly open to all men, rich and poor.

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