Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

ROCK CANALS USED FOR IRRIGATION BY VIJAYANAGARA RULERS.

Water was used for irrigation from ancient times there were references about this all over the world. Even in USA during 300AD large scale irrigation was in use. In Indian subcontinent irrigation was well developed by Buddhist who built dams at many places and some are still intact unusable due to change of river path.

Amuktamalyada IV-V * give stress on tanks building for agriculture,King,Nobles,wealthy men, village assemblies should take interest in irrigation projects,under Dept of IRRIGATION , Sir Thomas Munro states that tanks,canals can be repaired at much less expense by individuals,local groups than by govt to keep them in better shape.

Now to

Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

there was a post by name JALASUTRA PANDITA Hydraulic Engineer was appointed whose name was Singayya Bhatta .

Artificial supply of water was done by unique way to maintain regular supply for irrigation to compensate rain. Water is pumped from natural lakes and wells conveying the water over the land through gravity flow, was mastered by Vijayangara engineers, elaborate, expensive canals system was constructed with rocks which was only one of its kind in the world. You can see the photo of such unique rock pipeline which run for several kilometers at a stretch,[photo no 1 see DVD please]

Bukka II took a great task of building a dam and 15 mile long aqueduct from dam over Tungabadra river. Even now it supply water to Bellary fields. Special emphasis should be given to the aqueduct of several miles cut out of solid rock at the base of the hills was the most  remarkable irrigational work undertaken by Vijayanagara rulers.

Portuguese horse trader and historian Fernao Nunis 1535AD writes that a dam was built by Bukkaraya II across Tungabhadra in Bellary district due to which the revenue increased by 35000 pagodas here. Stone channel cut from Vagai to lands near Kuruvitturai, tax free land given for maintenance and doing repairs.

Some details about Damodar rao,musham

MUSHAM DAMODHAR RAO  musham@gmail.com 91+09441816605

https://musham.wordpress.com

Speciality :- Calculated velocity of light from Nannaya Maha Bharata,

Father of the Youngest Stamp collector in the World

Prime minister Shri.Rajiv Gandhi released book on Astronomical Bhisma from Rgveda,

Banking History of India,China,Japan and Orient,

Islamic,Hindu,Jain,Buddhist,Vedic Ancient technical sciences,Geography,Numismatics,Epigraphy,Pyretics,Metallurgy,

Astronomy,Vaastu,Mathematics.History of Playing Cards from 300BC,

History of Congress,Ancient Women Army in South India,Ancient Maritime Trade,

Satavahanas,Kakatiyas,Iksvaku,Nagarjuna colonies in Orient,SETI usa project.

[See my biodata for more details]

I can read :- Brahmi,Grandhi style of Telugu,Kharosti,Classical Devanagari.
Kannada,Telugu,Hindi,English,Sanskrit,Russian,Japanese,Chinese,Korean,Spanish,

German,French etc…

ROCK CAMPUS DINING HALL WITH PLATES,CUPS,

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GIVEN BROCHURE WITH THIS COIN TO RAHUL GANDHI

SATAVAHANA COIN FROM KOTILINGALA musham

SATAVAHANA COIN FROM KOTILINGALA musham

,WHICH HE RECEIVED WITH APPRECIATION,

WE ALL IN THE GROUP THANK SHRI RAHUL GANDHI FOR HIS KIND GESTURE.

WE ALL LOVE HIM FOR HIS SIMPLICITY AND HELPFULL NATURE TO ALL THE NEEDY PEOPLE IN INDIA

Satavahana rulers conquered Naga rulers and Gopa ones such as Somaopa etc who reigned around 300BC

Have a look at Satavahana Queen EAR RINGS,OU,Our ancestors toured extensively and established Telangana colonies all over WORLD,

FOR INFO MAIL TO MUSHAM@GMAIL.COM OR CALL ME AT 09441816605

IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN HISTORY MAIL ME OK

GIVEN BROCHURE WITH THIS COIN TO RAHUL GANDHI,WHICH HE RECEIVED WITH APPRECIATION,

WE ALL IN THE GROUP THANK SHRI RAHUL GANDHI FOR HIS KIND GESTURE.

Published in: on June 29, 2010 at 9:42 am  Leave a Comment  
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with IIT Ramaih Educationist MLC

with IIT Ramaih Educationist MLC

with IIT Ramaih Educationist MLC

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With Sabita Indra Reddy

Sabit indra reddy Home Minister,Ex-handloom,

Sabit indra reddy Home Minister,Ex-handloom,

CNR JnanPeeth awardee

Padma Shri,Padma Vibhushan,Jnanpith Award,film song writer,Dr. Cingireddy Narayana Reddy,c Narayana Reddy, talking with Musham damodhar rao,at an award function Talking about Ancient Science of  INDIA,&

Padma Shri,Padma Vibhushan,Jnanpith Award,film song writer,Dr. Cingireddy Narayana Reddy,c Narayana Reddy, talking with Musham damodhar rao,at an award function about Ancient Science of  INDIA,&  Calculation of speed of LIGHT from NANNAYA Mahabharata 1012AD.

Padma Shri,Padma Vibhushan,Jnanpith Award,film song writer,Dr. Cingireddy Narayana Reddy,c Narayana Reddy, talking with Musham damodhar rao,at an award function about Ancient Science of INDIA,& Calculation of speed of LIGHT from NANNAYA Mahabharata 1012AD.

Calculation of speed of LIGHT from NANNAYA Mahabharata 1012AD.

Published in: on June 29, 2010 at 8:41 am  Leave a Comment  
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Common Indian banknotes for Exchange

MAIL TO MUSHAM3@GMAIL.COM,

P C BATTACHARYA   12

P C BATTACHARYA 12

Amitabh GHOSE rare sign 16

Amitabh GHOSE rare sign 16

Vedas and Saraswati culture

The Vedas are among the oldest sacred texts in the

world dating from c. 1500-500BCE. Most Indologists

agree that an oral tradition existed long before a

literary tradition tentatively may have been set in

(in one shakha, Kanva) from about the 1st century BCE;

however it was again superseded by oral tradition

until c. 1000 CE.[14] Due to the ephemeral nature of

the manuscript material (birch bark or palm leaves),

surviving manuscripts rarely surpass an age of a few

hundred years.[15] The Benares Sanskrit University

has a Rigveda manuscript of the mid-14th century,

however, there are a number of older Veda manuscripts

in Nepal belonging to the Vajasaneyi tradition that

are dated from the 11th century onwards.

The Vedic period lasts for about a millennium,

spanning the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age.

Gavin Flood[16] sums up mainstream estimates,

according to which the Rigveda was compiled from

as early as 1500 BCE over a period of several centuries.

The Vedic period reaches its peak only after the

composition of the mantra texts, with the

establishment of the various shakhas all over

Northern India which annotated the mantra s

amhitas with Brahmana discussions of their

meaning, and reaches its end in the age of Buddha

and Panini and the rise of the Mahajanapadas

(archaeologically, Northern Black Polished Ware).

Michael Witzel gives a time span of c. 1500 BCE to

c. 500-400 BCE. Witzel makes special reference to

the Mitanni material of ca. 1400 BCE as the only

epigraphic record of Indo-Aryan that may date to

the Rigvedic period. However Mitanni Indo-Aryan

is linguistically slightly older than the language of

the Rigveda, and the comparison thus still does not

allow for an absolute dating of any Vedic text.

He gives 150 BCE (Patanjali) as a terminus ante

quem for all Vedic Sanskrit literature, and 1200

BCE (the early Iron Age) as terminus post quem

for the Atharvaveda

Rgveda,vedas,saraswati cuture

Rgveda,vedas,saraswati cuture

Published in: on September 21, 2008 at 6:46 am  Leave a Comment  
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PiriReis map of USA,southamerica,Antarctica before Columbus,

Ancient map with antarctica,americas,without ice cap.

Ancient map with antarctica,americas,without ice cap.

The map is a famous pre-modern world map created by 16th century Ottoman-Turkish admiral and cartographer Reis. The map shows part of the western coasts of Europe and North Africa with reasonable accuracy, and the coast of Brazil is also easily recognizable. Various Atlantic islands including the Azores and Canary Islands are depicted, as is the mythical island of Antillia. The map is noteworthy for its depiction of a southern landmass that some controversially claim is evidence for early awareness of the existence of Antarctica

What fascinate me most are the marginal notes on the accounts of the pioneer seamen who have taken part in the discovery of the places shown on the map.

These coasts are named the shores of Antilia. They were discovered in the year 896 of the Arab calendar.

There are many difficulties in the map of South America, including duplication of rivers, and the continent’s southern end allegedly merging with an ice-free Antarctica. Close examination of the coastline supports the alternative theory that the “extra” landmass is simply the South American coast, probably explored in secret by Portuguese navigators, and bent round to fit the parchment. There are features resembling the basins at the mouth of the Strait of Magellan, and the Falkland Islands;also the annotations on the map itself, stating that this region is hot and inhabited by large snakes do not fit with the likely climate and fauna in Antarctica in the 1500s. Similarly the map states that “spring comes early” to the islands off the coast, which is true of the Falkland Islands but not of any islands close to the Antarctic mainland.

後悔される革新、inconveinence の下の 場所。

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Numisphilately とa のncient 科学のあなたのs の友人

91+09441816605 Musham Damodhar musham@gmail.com

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Место под сожаленной РЕНОВАЦИЕЙ, inconveinence.

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этом

разделе

Возблагодарите Yo у для сотрудничества путешествия

Ваш друг с в науке Numisphilately и а ncient

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Local sob o rENOVATION, inconveinence lamentado.

contatar-nos em musham@gmail.com para a informação

nesta seção Obrigado

Seu amigo em Numisphilately e na ciência antiga

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Site under RENOVATION,inconveinence regretted.

contact us at musham@gmail.com for information in this

section

Thank YOu

Yours friend in Numisphilately and ancient Science

musham damodhar91+09441816605, musham@gmail.com

PiriReis map of USA,southamerica,Antarctica before Columbus,
Published in: on September 20, 2008 at 4:52 am  Comments (1)  
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