Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

ROCK CANALS USED FOR IRRIGATION BY VIJAYANAGARA RULERS.

Water was used for irrigation from ancient times there were references about this all over the world. Even in USA during 300AD large scale irrigation was in use. In Indian subcontinent irrigation was well developed by Buddhist who built dams at many places and some are still intact unusable due to change of river path.

Amuktamalyada IV-V * give stress on tanks building for agriculture,King,Nobles,wealthy men, village assemblies should take interest in irrigation projects,under Dept of IRRIGATION , Sir Thomas Munro states that tanks,canals can be repaired at much less expense by individuals,local groups than by govt to keep them in better shape.

Now to

Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

there was a post by name JALASUTRA PANDITA Hydraulic Engineer was appointed whose name was Singayya Bhatta .

Artificial supply of water was done by unique way to maintain regular supply for irrigation to compensate rain. Water is pumped from natural lakes and wells conveying the water over the land through gravity flow, was mastered by Vijayangara engineers, elaborate, expensive canals system was constructed with rocks which was only one of its kind in the world. You can see the photo of such unique rock pipeline which run for several kilometers at a stretch,[photo no 1 see DVD please]

Bukka II took a great task of building a dam and 15 mile long aqueduct from dam over Tungabadra river. Even now it supply water to Bellary fields. Special emphasis should be given to the aqueduct of several miles cut out of solid rock at the base of the hills was the most  remarkable irrigational work undertaken by Vijayanagara rulers.

Portuguese horse trader and historian Fernao Nunis 1535AD writes that a dam was built by Bukkaraya II across Tungabhadra in Bellary district due to which the revenue increased by 35000 pagodas here. Stone channel cut from Vagai to lands near Kuruvitturai, tax free land given for maintenance and doing repairs.

Some details about Damodar rao,musham

MUSHAM DAMODHAR RAO  musham@gmail.com 91+09441816605

https://musham.wordpress.com

Speciality :- Calculated velocity of light from Nannaya Maha Bharata,

Father of the Youngest Stamp collector in the World

Prime minister Shri.Rajiv Gandhi released book on Astronomical Bhisma from Rgveda,

Banking History of India,China,Japan and Orient,

Islamic,Hindu,Jain,Buddhist,Vedic Ancient technical sciences,Geography,Numismatics,Epigraphy,Pyretics,Metallurgy,

Astronomy,Vaastu,Mathematics.History of Playing Cards from 300BC,

History of Congress,Ancient Women Army in South India,Ancient Maritime Trade,

Satavahanas,Kakatiyas,Iksvaku,Nagarjuna colonies in Orient,SETI usa project.

[See my biodata for more details]

I can read :- Brahmi,Grandhi style of Telugu,Kharosti,Classical Devanagari.
Kannada,Telugu,Hindi,English,Sanskrit,Russian,Japanese,Chinese,Korean,Spanish,

German,French etc…

Scented candles lift your moods

Every time that you enter a room that has a scented candle burning, you will be hit with a wonderful aroma that will bring memories flooding back or even change your mood.

You can add a great variety of fragrance oils to your candles to get the aroma that you require. You will need to use oil based fragrance oil and not the water based or alcohol based fragrances, as these will not combine properly with your wax. Most craft shops carry these fragrance oils for making scented candles.

Scented candles can freshen up a room even when not lit. They make great gifts and being handmade make them even more unique. There are a few things that you need to consider before making scented candles. You will need to choose what sort of wax you will be using,

Birch-candles cpChristmas-candles cp

Fragrance can be used with any of these different waxes. When using fragrance oil in gel wax candles you will also need to consider the density of your candle. The lower density gel wax will not be able to hold as much XXXXXXXXXX @ for information >>>>>>>>>.i will mail the secret, Apart from these considerations, the actual candle making process is the same as making regular candles.

To make scented candles you will simply follow the general candle making guide lines until you reach the point where you need to add the fragrance oil. So the first thing you need to do is prepare a mold of your choice with a wick in it. Next you will need to melt some wax and you do this by placing a small pot with your wax in it inside a larger pot to which you have added some water. This is called the double boiler method and it prevents the wax from burning. So heat the wax up to around 170-180 degrees by using a thermometer that can be found in your craft store. Once the wax is melted then you can add the fragrance oil of your choice but be careful not to add too much at once because you won't be able to remove any excess oil but you can always add more if needed. As a general rule if you wish to make about a 6% fragrance concentration, then you will need to add an ounce of fragrance oil to 1 pound of wax. Too much oil and you will end up with soft spots through out the candle which will not allow it to burn properly. At this point you may also add some color by using some dye that can also be found at your craft store. Once you have completed these steps then you simply pour the wax into the mold and set it aside for up to 6 hours to cool. It's a good idea to keep track of the different ingredients and amounts that you use when making scented candles, so that you can recreate the same candles over again. Just simply write it all down in a note pad.

Candles can make great gift ideas and having such a vast array of colors, decorations and scents you will be able to produce a unique gifts for family or friends that not only look good but also offer the soothing and calming effects of the scent chosen. So now it's time to put your candle making knowledge to work and just do it!

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ROCK CAMPUS DINING HALL WITH PLATES,CUPS,

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GIVEN BROCHURE WITH THIS COIN TO RAHUL GANDHI

SATAVAHANA COIN FROM KOTILINGALA musham

SATAVAHANA COIN FROM KOTILINGALA musham

,WHICH HE RECEIVED WITH APPRECIATION,

WE ALL IN THE GROUP THANK SHRI RAHUL GANDHI FOR HIS KIND GESTURE.

WE ALL LOVE HIM FOR HIS SIMPLICITY AND HELPFULL NATURE TO ALL THE NEEDY PEOPLE IN INDIA

Satavahana rulers conquered Naga rulers and Gopa ones such as Somaopa etc who reigned around 300BC

Have a look at Satavahana Queen EAR RINGS,OU,Our ancestors toured extensively and established Telangana colonies all over WORLD,

FOR INFO MAIL TO MUSHAM@GMAIL.COM OR CALL ME AT 09441816605

IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN HISTORY MAIL ME OK

GIVEN BROCHURE WITH THIS COIN TO RAHUL GANDHI,WHICH HE RECEIVED WITH APPRECIATION,

WE ALL IN THE GROUP THANK SHRI RAHUL GANDHI FOR HIS KIND GESTURE.

Published in: on June 29, 2010 at 9:42 am  Leave a Comment  
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with IIT Ramaih Educationist MLC

with IIT Ramaih Educationist MLC

with IIT Ramaih Educationist MLC

Published in: on June 29, 2010 at 9:03 am  Leave a Comment  
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With Sabita Indra Reddy

Sabit indra reddy Home Minister,Ex-handloom,

Sabit indra reddy Home Minister,Ex-handloom,

CNR JnanPeeth awardee

Padma Shri,Padma Vibhushan,Jnanpith Award,film song writer,Dr. Cingireddy Narayana Reddy,c Narayana Reddy, talking with Musham damodhar rao,at an award function Talking about Ancient Science of  INDIA,&

Padma Shri,Padma Vibhushan,Jnanpith Award,film song writer,Dr. Cingireddy Narayana Reddy,c Narayana Reddy, talking with Musham damodhar rao,at an award function about Ancient Science of  INDIA,&  Calculation of speed of LIGHT from NANNAYA Mahabharata 1012AD.

Padma Shri,Padma Vibhushan,Jnanpith Award,film song writer,Dr. Cingireddy Narayana Reddy,c Narayana Reddy, talking with Musham damodhar rao,at an award function about Ancient Science of INDIA,& Calculation of speed of LIGHT from NANNAYA Mahabharata 1012AD.

Calculation of speed of LIGHT from NANNAYA Mahabharata 1012AD.

Published in: on June 29, 2010 at 8:41 am  Leave a Comment  
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Bharti Airtel, Encyclopaedia Britannica pact

Bharti Airtel, Encyclopaedia Britannica sign deal

New Delhi: A good news for all the broadband users of Bharti Airtel, as the telecom service provider has entered into an exclusive partnership with Encyclopaedia Britannica, providing its broadband users a two year free subscription, worth Rs. 6575 to Britannica online.

Bharti Airtel’s agreement with Encyclopaedia Britannica (EB) is to offer an enhanced broadband experience to its customers, especially to children and the young adults, said K. Srinivas, Joint President, Telemedia Services, Bharti Airtel.

According to Jorge Cauz President Encyclopaedia Britannica, India is one of the largest English speaking markets. Therefore, it is an important market to EB’s expansion plans in the Asia Pacific. As broadband has become more widely available in India, EB’s various online services will benefit more families, he added.

Bharti Airtel has taken initiatives to enhance broadband experience through new offerings like high speed Experience Plans, Cloud Computing solutions and a host of value added services. This partnership with Encyclopaedia Britannica is also part of those initiatives.

While Bharti Airtel, a group company of Bharti Enterprises, has an aggregate of around 141 million customers across its operations, Britannica has today over 100 million users worldwide and is trusted by over 4750 Universities. Following the agreement, Airtel broadband customers can now be part of Britannica’s global collaborative community.

Recently, Bharti Airtel entered into a strategic partnership with Novatium, an India-based computing services provider, to expand its broadband business in India. Bharti Airtel is structured as four strategic business units – Mobile, Telemedia, Enterprise and Digital TV. All these services are provided under the Airtel brand.

Published in: on June 2, 2010 at 9:32 am  Leave a Comment  
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Banknote on Weaving in khemr nation

A loom is a machine or device for weaving thread or yarn into textiles. Looms can range from very small hand-held frames, to large free-standing hand looms, to huge automatic mechanical devices. The ancient Egyptians and Chinese used looms as early as 4000 BC.
The basic purpose of any loom is to hold the warp threads under tension to facilitate the interweaving of the weft threads. The precise shape of the loom and its mechanics may vary, but the basic function is the same.
Weaving is the textile art in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads, called the warp and the filling or weft (older woof), are interlaced with each other to form a fabric or cloth. The warp threads run lengthways of the piece of cloth, and the weft runs across from side to side.
Warp and weft in plain weaving.
Cloth is woven on a loom, a device for holding the warp threads in place while the filling threads are woven through them. Weft is an old English word meaning “that which is woven”.
The manner in which the warp and filling threads interlace with each other is known as the weave. The three basic weaves are plain weave, satin weave, and twill, and the majority of woven products are created with one of these weaves.Woven cloth can be plain (in one color or a simple pattern), or it can be woven in decorative or artistic designs, including tapestries. Fabric in which the warp and/or weft is tie-dyed before weaving is called ikat.

lady-weaving

lady-weaving