Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

ROCK CANALS USED FOR IRRIGATION BY VIJAYANAGARA RULERS.

Water was used for irrigation from ancient times there were references about this all over the world. Even in USA during 300AD large scale irrigation was in use. In Indian subcontinent irrigation was well developed by Buddhist who built dams at many places and some are still intact unusable due to change of river path.

Amuktamalyada IV-V * give stress on tanks building for agriculture,King,Nobles,wealthy men, village assemblies should take interest in irrigation projects,under Dept of IRRIGATION , Sir Thomas Munro states that tanks,canals can be repaired at much less expense by individuals,local groups than by govt to keep them in better shape.

Now to

Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

Irrigation during Vijayanagara Srikrishnadevaraya period

there was a post by name JALASUTRA PANDITA Hydraulic Engineer was appointed whose name was Singayya Bhatta .

Artificial supply of water was done by unique way to maintain regular supply for irrigation to compensate rain. Water is pumped from natural lakes and wells conveying the water over the land through gravity flow, was mastered by Vijayangara engineers, elaborate, expensive canals system was constructed with rocks which was only one of its kind in the world. You can see the photo of such unique rock pipeline which run for several kilometers at a stretch,[photo no 1 see DVD please]

Bukka II took a great task of building a dam and 15 mile long aqueduct from dam over Tungabadra river. Even now it supply water to Bellary fields. Special emphasis should be given to the aqueduct of several miles cut out of solid rock at the base of the hills was the most  remarkable irrigational work undertaken by Vijayanagara rulers.

Portuguese horse trader and historian Fernao Nunis 1535AD writes that a dam was built by Bukkaraya II across Tungabhadra in Bellary district due to which the revenue increased by 35000 pagodas here. Stone channel cut from Vagai to lands near Kuruvitturai, tax free land given for maintenance and doing repairs.

Some details about Damodar rao,musham

MUSHAM DAMODHAR RAO  musham@gmail.com 91+09441816605

https://musham.wordpress.com

Speciality :- Calculated velocity of light from Nannaya Maha Bharata,

Father of the Youngest Stamp collector in the World

Prime minister Shri.Rajiv Gandhi released book on Astronomical Bhisma from Rgveda,

Banking History of India,China,Japan and Orient,

Islamic,Hindu,Jain,Buddhist,Vedic Ancient technical sciences,Geography,Numismatics,Epigraphy,Pyretics,Metallurgy,

Astronomy,Vaastu,Mathematics.History of Playing Cards from 300BC,

History of Congress,Ancient Women Army in South India,Ancient Maritime Trade,

Satavahanas,Kakatiyas,Iksvaku,Nagarjuna colonies in Orient,SETI usa project.

[See my biodata for more details]

I can read :- Brahmi,Grandhi style of Telugu,Kharosti,Classical Devanagari.
Kannada,Telugu,Hindi,English,Sanskrit,Russian,Japanese,Chinese,Korean,Spanish,

German,French etc…

Roma Victims

Most estimates for numbers of Roma victims of the Holocaust fall between 200,000 and 500,000, although figures ranging between 90,000 and 4 million have been proposed. Lower estimates do not include those killed in all Axis-controlled countries. A detailed study by the late Sybil Milton, formerly senior historian at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum gave a figure of at least a minimum of 220,000, probably higher, possibly closer to 500,000 (cited in Re. Holocaust Victim Assets Litigation (Swiss Banks) Special Master's Proposals, September 11, 2000). Ian Hancock, Director of the Program of Romani Studies and the Romani Archives and Documentation Center at the University of Texas at Austin, argues in favour of a higher figure of between 500,000 and 1,500,000 in his 2004 article, Romanies and the Holocaust: A Reevaluation and an Overview as published in Stone, D. (ed.) (2004) The Historiography of the Holocaust. Palgrave, Basingstoke and New York.

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Seetla is another important festival…

Seetla is another important festival of Banjaras performed in the month of Ashada or Shravan. On the eve of Seetla festival, the Banjaras propitiate all the seven sisters' malevolent deities. Seetla being the youngest of them is propitiated first, apart from the seven sister deities.

"Lunkad" is the messenger of these seven sisters. This festival is celebrated on the outskirts of the Tanda. The Naik of the Tanda and other male members of the Tanda go to the outskirts of the Tanda and set up seven stones by the side of path through which their cattle go for grazing and called them Seetla. There will be another stone in front of them called 'Lunkad'. The Naik who acts as a priest necessarily fasts on the day of festival. Agoat is sacrificed and the blood is spilled before the seven deities. The intensive of the goat are spread on the ground and cattle are made to run over them helter shelter. Fowls are sacrificed by the Tanda people attending the ceremoney. Seetla and her seven sister deities are considered as goddesses of small pox and these rituals are performed to appease them, in order to protect themselves and cattle from all kinds of diseases. Unlike the festival of Seetla and Teej, Tulja is festival of sacrifices and offering by individual families of Banjara Tribe.

 SHY LAMBADA GIRL AT TREE SHADE PH 123

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Sale of Romana Gyspy Posture

Romanian
    A VINDE
    un prim sălaş de robi sau
    SCLAVI
    ŢIGĂNEŞTI
    Printr-o licitaţie la Amiaḑă 'a Mănăstire d. sf. Elias
    la 8 mai MDCCCLII
    cine se compună din 18 Omeni
    10 Bajaţi, 7 Femei & 3 Fete
    în condiţie fină

    English
    FOR SALE
    A prime lot of serfs or
    SLAVES
    GYPSY (TZIGANY)
    Through an auction at noon at the St. Elias Monastery
    on 8 May 1852
    consisting of 18 Men
    10 Boys, 7 Women & 3 Girls
    in fine condition

    Hungarian
    ELADÓ
    Egy kiváló csoport cseléd avagy
    RABSZOLGA
    CIGÁNY
    Egy aukción keresztül, délben, a Szt. Éliás kolostorban
    1852 május 8-án
    18 férfi
    10 fiú, 7 nő & 3 lány
    kitűnő állapotban
 
SEE HOW THE STORY UNFOLDS INTO INDIAN ETHNIC CULTURE

AS  MY RESEARCH PAPER UNFOLDS BEFORE YOU

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Electricity from Rice Husk

Villages in Bihar have been lifted out of darkness with an uninterrupted, self sufficient power supply and the credit for this initiative goes to Gyanesh Pandey, the promoter of Husk Power Systems (HPS) that transforms piles of discarded rice husk to light up the villages. Partnering with his friends Ratnesh Yadav, Manoj Sinha, and Charles W Ransler, Pandey has established ‘green’ power plants in 120 villages across Bihar and 3 villages in Uttar Pradesh.

After research and experiments, the team decided that the most feasible way to provide power to the villagers who depended on agriculture would be to generate electricity from rice husk. Through this unique green technology, villages get uninterrupted power for up to 6-12 hours by setting up a plant, which burns rice husk to generate gas to run generators.

“Becoming an entrepreneur was an evolutionary process. I had a good life in America. I did not face any problems there, but I always had the feeling that I must do something for our villages. I do not feel as though I have made any sacrifice. Today, there is hardly anything I do other than work. It gives me the satisfaction no other job can ever give,” says Pandey who feels that India’s acute power crisis must be solved efficiently with renewable resources.

After resigning his job in the U.S., Pandey returned to his home state in 2007, as his idea was to provide power to villagers who depended on agriculture as their main occupation in a cost-effective and environmentally-friendly manner.

The company is set to make profits by the end of this year and plans to light up villages in other states like Maharastra, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. Providing electricity to villages across India is just the beginning of Pandey’s ambitious plan to transform rural India. The company has already taken up the initiative to educate 200 children from Tumkuha. @s1c

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Princely states coins of India

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World First Democracy YODHEYA GANAM

Early democratic institutions in India comes from the independent "republics"

, sanghas  and ganas, which existed as early as the sixth century BCE and persisted in some areas until the fourth century CE. The evidence is scattered and no pure historical source exists for that period. In addition, Diodorus a Greek historian writing two centuries after the time of Alexander the Great's invasion of India, without offering any detail, mentions that independent and democratic states existed in India.However, modern scholars note that the word democracy at the third century BC and later had been degraded and could mean any autonomous state no matter how oligarchic it was.

The main characteristics of the gana seem to be a monarch, usually called raja and a deliberative assembly. The assembly met regularly in which at least in some states attendance was open to all free men, and discussed all major state decisions. It had also full financial, administrative, and judicial authority. Other officers, who are rarely mentioned, obeyed the decisions of the assembly. The monarch was elected by the gana and apparently he always belonged to a family of the noble K'satriya Varna. The monarch coordinated his activities with the assembly and in some states along with a council of other nobles.The Licchavis had a primary governing body of 7,077 rajas, the heads of the most important familes. On the other hand, the Shakyas, the Gautama Buddha's people, had the assembly open to all men, rich and poor.

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ROCK CAMPUS DINING HALL WITH PLATES,CUPS,

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stayed in Delhi at Historic Western Court,

stayed in Delhi at Historic Western Court,

stayed in Delhi at Historic Western Court,

Stayed in Delhi at Historic Western Court,

WHERE MANY INDIAN LEADERS STAYED FOR WELL BEING OF INDIAN PEOPLE.

OUR MORNING JOG ON GRASS OF THIS PLACE MADE US REMEMBER AND MADE US HAPPY,FELT HONOURED THAT WE ARE WALKING ON THE SAME PLACE AND GRASS WHICH WAS PROUD TO HAVE WITNESSED AND BORE THE BURDEN OF THE FOOTPRINTS OUR OUR GREAT LEADERS WHO BROUGHT US INDEPENDENCE TO OUR MOTHERLAND INDIA FROM BRITISH.

OUR MORNING WALK EVERYDAY WAS A LESSON FROM THE PAGES OF INDIAN HISTORY.

Published in: on June 29, 2010 at 9:48 am  Leave a Comment  
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